New Courses: Dec 2014-Jan 2015 Term

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as salamu alaykum,

Some exciting new courses are up at the Dar al-Hadith Institute (formerly the Imam Shafi’i Institute). Please visit the following link for more details:

http://www.daralhadithlearning.com/

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Is Surah al-Mulk a Protection for One in the Grave?

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Question:

Assalaam aleikum, I read that regular recitation of Sura Mulk is supposed to be a protection in the qabr. Is this authentic?

Country: South Africa

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In Hada’iq al-Rawh wa al-Rayhan 30/6, Muhammad al-Amin al-Harari cited some narrations that establish Surah al-Mulk is a protection for one in the grave.

And Allah knows best.

Answered by Yaqub Abdurrahman

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The Minimum Qunut

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Question:

Salaam alaykum. I have not memorized dua qunoot yet. Read in Fajar namaas. What can I read in the mean time until I memorized the dua?

Country: Malaysia

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In Nihayat al-Zayn p. 67, Nawawi Bentani mentioned that qunut is achieved even with a supplication such as, “Allahumma ghfir li ya Ghafur wa rhamni ya Rahim.” And what is best is that one pray with the famously known qunut, “Allahumma ihdini fiman hadaydta….” (See here for the Arabic: minimum qunut, optimal qunut)

And Allah knows best.

Answered by Yaqub Abdurrahman

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The Gap Between One’s Feet in Prayer

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Question:

As salamu alaykum.

Can you tell me how much gap should be between the feet whilst in salah?

Country: England

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In Rawdah 1/259, Imam Nawawi related from Imam Shafi’i and the As-hab al-Wujuh that it is recommended that one prostrating separate between their feet and knees. And he related from Qadi Abu al-Tayyib’s commentary on Mukhtasar al-Muzani that they should be separated the amount of a handspan. This ruling is also given by Ibn Hajar. (See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaj 2/76)

In regards to separating them while standing, Shaykh al-Islam related from Sahib al-Anwar that they should be: (1) separated to the extent of four fingers or (2) to the extent of a handspan analogously on what Imam Nawawi stated in Rawdah as aforementioned. (See: Sharh al-Rawd 1/145) Ibn Hajar preferred the second view in this instance. (Tuhfah 2/21) And so did Ramli. (Nihayah 1/456)

And Allah knows best.

Answered by Yaqub Abdurrahman

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Joining a Rak’ah and Surah al-Fatihah?

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Question:

As salamu alaykum,

If one is joining a jamaat after it has started at what point according to Imam Shafii is the unit of rakat counted as valid. For example: In Hanafi fiqh when a person joins in just before ruku position or when the jamaat is in ruku position, they have got that particular rakat as one and therefore they need to complete the rest of any missed rakats after the first salaam given by the Imaam. Whereas in Shafii fiqh what is the position given that Shafii’s need to make sure they recite Surah Fathiha in every rakat and will not be able to do that just before ruku or whilst the imaam is in ruku position.

Country: Australia

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In regards to the issue of a latecomer, there is no substantial difference between the Schools. The relied-upon opinion is stated by Imam Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Ramli in his Nihayat al-Muhtaj,

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Can The Spouses Look At Each Others Private Parts?

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Question:

As salamu alaykum,

Kindly guide me to the most correct view regarding looking at the private parts of the spouse?

Country: United Arab Emirates

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In Rawdah 7/27, Imam Nawawi said that it is permissible for the husband to look at the entirety of his wife’s body. In regards to the private part, the relied-upon opinion is that it is permissible but disliked. Some of the Shafiyyah differed on if the ruling of disliked applies while making love. Abu ‘Ali al-Fariqi, Badr al-Din al-Zarkashi, and others said it does not apply. While in Tuhfah and Nihayah it is related that according to the relied-upon opinion it applies to this situation too. (See: Tuhfah w/ Sharwani 7/206)

And Allah knows best.

Answered by Yaqub Abdurrahman

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Reciting Fatihah Behind an Imam

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Question:

What is Imam Shafi’s opinion regarding reciting the Fatihah behind the imam after he finishes? Is it similar to the Hanafi school (they say the imam’s recitation pf Fatihah is sufficient)?

Country: United States

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

In Tuhfah 2/44, Ibn Hajar stated that reciting Surat al-Fatihah is obligatory in every rak’ah of every prayer. This applies if one is praying alone, leading another, or following another. The evidence for this ruling is the rigorously authenticated hadith, “There is no prayer for one who does not recite ‘Fatihat al-Kitab.’”

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Is Marrying More than One Wife Recommended?

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Question:

Is it recommended as a general rule to have only one wife or more than one wife?

Country:

Australia

Answer:

In al-Hawi al-Kabir 11/417, Qadi Mawardi related a difference of opinion between the Zahiris and Imam Shafi’i regarding a man marrying multiple wives.

According to the Zahiris, it is recommended for a man to marry four, so long as one can take care of them, completing the number they understood to be recommended.

And Imam Shafi’i judged that it may be preferred to marry just one even if four are permitted.

Qadi Mawardi then related the issue to be one of tafsil. He stated that what should be considered is the husband’s condition. If he is satisfied by one, then it is best for him to limit himself to marriage with her, i.e. that one. And if he is not satisfied, then marrying again would be recommended, marrying until he is content, up to four.

This is conveyed by Khatib Shirbini in Mughni al-Muhtaj 4/207 too, that it is best to marry just one “unless there is a hajah zahirah“, and then, marrying more may be recommended.

And Allah knows best.

Shafiifiqh.com Fatwa Dept.

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Acting as the Prophet in a Film?

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Question:

Assalamualaikum respected shaykh,

There is a website which claims that there is a difference of opinion about whether people can act as any of the Prophets in movies, whether the Holy Prophet Muhammed Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, or other Prophets. Is this true?

Country: United Kingdom

Answer:

wa alaykum salam wa rahmatuLlahi wa barakatuHu,

Shaykh Ibrahim al-Bajuri said, “Believing that the outward qualities [mahasin zahirah] that were manifest in the body of the Prophet (sallaAllahu alayhie wa sallam) have never been manifest in another, this is from the intactness of faith [iman]. And with that, it was never displayed from him (sallaAllahu alayhie wa sallam) entirely; as if it was, eyes would not have been able to bear seeing him (sallaAllahu alayhie wa sallam).” (al-Mawahib al-Luduniyyah 34)

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Is the ‘Iddah after Khulu’ One Month or Three?

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Question:

As salaamu alaykum dear respected scholar. I would like to ask according to Shafi’i Fiqh is a Khula a from of Talaq or divorce? And if so is the ‘iddah the same as a Talaq (three periods of purity between menstrual cycles)?

Country: United States

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuhu,

In his Jami’ 3/318-19, Imam Tirmidhi related two views: (1) it is like an ‘iddah after a talaq (2) and that it is just one period [haydah].

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